How was Australia settled
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guided a British fleet of 11 ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, this effectively claims the founding of Australia.
Who Colonised Australia
Macassan trepangers visited Australia’s northern coasts after 1720, possibly earlier. Other European explorers followed until, in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook charted the east coast of Australia for Great Britain and returned with accounts favouring colonisation at Botany Bay (now in Sydney), New South Wales. Source: wikipedia
When did people start migration to Australia
Between 1788 and 1868 Great Britain transported over 160,000 convicts from its overcrowded jails to the Australian colonies, they were Outnumbered by more than half a million indigenous Aboriginal people forming the basis of the first migration from Europe to Australia.
When these first Europeans arrived, they did not find an empty land as expected. Even 18 years after Lieutenant James Cook landed convicts encountered the heavy resistance from the Aboriginal people.
The Aboriginal people would try to fight with spears to scare the British away but the British were armed with guns which gave them great advantage. Disrespecting the Aboriginal connection with the land the British were eventually able claim more and more land for farming, population growth and settlement expansion.
What happened in 1901 in Australia
Australia became an independent nation on 1 January 1901 when the British Parliament passed legislation allowing the six Australian colonies to govern in their own right as part of the Commonwealth of Australia. These were New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania which is known as the federation process at which point the Commonwealth of Australia was established as a constitutional monarchy.
When did mass migration to Australia start
More than three million people immigrated to Australia from Europe between the late 1940s and the late 1960s. The Immigration Minister at that time, Arthur Calwell, introduced the Assisted Passage Migration Scheme in 1945. Also, known as the Ten Pound Poms (or Ten Pound tourists) which is a colloquial term used in Australia to describe British subjects who migrated to Australia after World War II.
How many immigrants are there in Australia
Going by the estimated intake of around 200,000 immigrants a year, figures show that an extra 1.4 million migrants can be added to the Australian Bureau of Statistics 2010 figure of 5,993,945 immigrants so far.
This gives a total immigrant population of 7,393,945 out of the 24,641,662-resident population which now represents 30 percent up from 26.8 percent in 2010. It was initially estimated in 2010 that by 2050 we would see one-third of Australia’s population born overseas, so we are 33 years ahead of these predictions to date.